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الفاينانشال تايمز: الحرب الباردة بين السعودية وإيران قد تتحول لحرب حقيقية

الأثر نيوز/ بغداد

صحيفة الفاينانشال تايمز التي نشرت تقريرا لمراسلة الصحيفة لشؤون الشرق الأوسط، إيريكا سولمون، بشأن “تصاعد التوتر في الشرق الأوسط في خضم تنافس إيراني سعودي محموم على التأثير في مجريات الأمور بالمنطقة”.

تقول الكاتبة إن “الخطوات التصعيدية” التي اتخذتها السعودية خلال اليومين الماضيين تشير إلى أن “الحرب الباردة بين البلدين في طريقها للتحول قريبا إلى حرب ساخنة”.

فخلال يومين فقط، بحسب الكاتبة، أعلن رئيس الوزراء اللبناني سعد الحريري استقالته من الرياض في ما يبدو كخطوة جاءت بضغوط سعودية نظرا للدور الذي تلعبه جماعة حزب الله في لبنان.

ثم بعد ذلك بساعات، اتهمت السعودية طهران بالقيام “بفعل من أفعال الحرب”، ملقية عليها اللوم في تزويد الحوثيين في اليمن بصواريخ وذلك بعد أن استهدف أحدها مطار الملك خالد في الرياض.

ثم استدعي الرئيس الفلسطيني محمود عباس بشكل عاجل في ما يعتقد لمناقشة الاتفاق الأخير بين الفصائل الفلسطينية حول اقتسام السلطة.

وأضافت الكاتبة أن السعودية ظلت لأعوام تراقب تأثيرها الإقليمي المتراجع في مقابل تأثير إيران المتزايد في ظل الانتصارات التي حققها حلفاء طهران في سوريا والعراق، في مقابل الخسائر التي منيت بها فصائل المعارضة السورية المدعومة من السعودية.

وقالت سولمون إن السعودية حاولت استخدام السبل الدبلوماسية في محاولة لاسترجاع بعض من تأثيرها المتلاشي فقامت مؤخرا بالتواصل مع الحكومة العراقية، وزار أحد مسؤوليها الرقة بتنسيق مع “قوات سوريا الديمقراطية”، لكن يبدو أن السعودية والإمارات تعتزمان انتهاج أسلوب أكثر عدوانية في الفترة المقبلة.

واستبعد يويل غوزانسكي الباحث في معهد أبحاث الأمن القومي الإسرائيلي، بحسب المقال، وقوع مواجهة بين إسرائيل وحزب الله في الوقت الحالي إلا أنه لم يخف قلقه من أن “عدم الاستقرار في السعودية يهدد بجر الطرفين إلى حرب قد تعيد لبنان إلى العصر الحجري”.

وفي السياق ذاته، قال بيتر سالزبري الباحث في المعهد الملكي البريطاني للدراسات الدولية “شاتام هاوس” إن أحد أهداف السعودية من الحرب في اليمن “كان استعراض قوتها في مقاومة الدور الإيراني في المنطقة،… إلا أن العكس قد حدث” انتهى.

المصدر: bbc




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