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ماذا تعرف عن شعب الهونزا ؟ تعرف عليهم بالمعلومة والصورة .

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تحرير بشرى سليمان

شعب الهونزا،يعيش بـ “وادي الخالدين”. ويتميّز شعب الهونزا Hunzas بابتسامتهم الدائمة التي لا تفارق وجوههم، وبحيويتهم ونشاطهم وقوتهم. لا سيما أنهم يتمتعون بشكل خارجي شاب، لدرجة أن الكثير من الناس يشعرون بالصدمة عندما يعلمون سنهم.

 

 

 

 

 

يتمتع شعب الهونزا بالقامة الطويلة، والبشرة الفاتحة ويشبهون الشّعب الإغريقي. اسمهم يعني أنهم “متحدون مثل السهام في جعبة”. يعيش هذا الشعب في جبال شمال باكستان، ويبلغ عددهم حوالي 87000 ، وضعهم استثنائي لأن متوسط عمرهم يبلغ 100 سنة. والجدير ذكره، بأن معظم هذا الشعب يعيش حتى عمر الـ120 سنة، من دون أمراض أو مشاكل صحيّة. وبعضهم عاش حتّ الـ160 سنة. نادراً ما يمرضون، ولا يعرفون الأورام، مظهرهم شابّ جدّاً، إضافة الى ان نساء هذا الشعب تنجبن أطفالا في ال65 من عمرها.

                 

تشكل هذه الحضارة، البرهان والدليل على علاقة النظام الغذائي ونمط الحياة بمدى عمر الفرد. يستحم هذا الشعب في المياه الجليديّة، حتّى وان كانت درجة الحرارة الخارجية أقل من صفر درجة مئوية. لا يتناولون سوى الأطعمة التي يزرعونها. ويأكلون الفاكهة والخضار النيئة والبذور الزيتية، بالاضافة الى الكثير من المشمش المجفف، ومجموعة متنوعة من الحبوب (كالحنطة السوداء والشعير)، والبقوليات والقليل من الجبنة والحليب والبيض.

      

يمشون كثيرا بين الـ5 والـ20 كيلومتر يومياً، ولا يدركون معنى التعب والارهاق. ونادراً ما يتناولون اللّحوم. ويكون ذلك ربّما مرّتين في السّنة، وفي هذه الحالة يكون مصدر اللحوم من الخروف أو الدجاج فقط. يضحكون كثيراً، وفرحهم للعيش هو احد أصولهم أو عاداتهم المفضّلة. وقد فسر أحد المتخصصين في الهونزا، رالف بيرشر، في كتابه “هونزا”، أنّ هؤلاء الشعب هم “الناس الذين لا يعرفون المرض”، متحدثاً عن بعض المعلومات المهمة المتعلقة بنظامهم الاساسي:

– تقريباً هم نباتيين – يستهلكون كمية كبيرة من الأطعمة النيّئة – يتألف معظم نظامهم الغذائي من الخضار والفاكهة – منتجاتهم طبيعية تماماً – لا يشربون الكحول أبداً، ولا يتناولون السكر – استهلاكهم للملح معتدل جداً – يصومون بانتظام يقول هذا الشعب الريفي والقويّ والرّصين، بأنهم من سلالة الإسكندر الأكبر وجيشه. وفي وقت الاحتلال، بقي بعضهم في قراهم وتزوجوا واستقروا هناك

                       

وعام 1984، ذكرت وسائل الإعلام قصة لا تصدق، وهي وصول هونزا يدعى سعيد عبد موبوتو، إلى مطار هيثرو في لندن، وقد تسبب في ذهول عدد كبير من عناصر الخدمات الجمركية. وذلك، لأنه قد دون على جواز سفره، أنه ولد عام 1823، أي يبلغ 161 عاماً ولا يزال على قيد الحياة وهو يبدو شاباً. انتهى




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